Latin Name: Humulus lupulus syn. Humulus americanus, Humulus volubilis, Humulus vulgaris, Lupulus amarus.
Plant Family: Cannabaceae
Other Names: Common Hop, Hops, Hop Vine, Hopfen, Hoppen, Beer Flower & Flores de Cerveza.
Description: The hop is a dioecious (has both male and female plants), climbing, perennial which is native to Europe and Asia and can reach a height of 7 metres. The leaves are deep green, heart shaped and lobed with toothed edges and are 7-12cm in length. The plant using tendrils to fix itself to other plants and surfaces, it twists as it climbs to secure itself and does so in a clockwise direction.
It’s the female flowers that are used, the flowering process begins with small greeny-white flowers that lose their petals as the cone shape we’re familiar with as the hop ripens, the botanical term for the cone is ‘strobile’, this strobile is pale green in colour at first ripening to pale yellow or greenish-white..
Hops are one of the chief ingredients of modern day beers, the flowers can also be used to make paper and as a dye giving shades of brown. Traditionally they are used as an ingredient in sleep pillows to bring a restful night’s sleep.
Shelf life of two years provided that goods are stored in an airtight container in ambient conditions.